Database Management Basics

Database management is a system of coordinating the information that a company needs to run its business operations. It includes data storage and distribution to applications and users and modifying it as needed and monitoring changes to the data and preventing it from becoming corrupted due to unexpected failure. It’s a component of a company’s total informational infrastructure, which supports decision-making and growth for the business as well as compliance with laws such as the GDPR and the California Consumer Privacy Act.

The first database systems were invented in the 1960s by Charles Bachman, IBM and others. They developed into information management systems (IMS), which allowed huge amounts of data to be stored and retrieved for a variety of reasons. From calculating inventory, to aiding complex financial accounting functions as well as human resource functions.

A database is a set of tables that organizes data in accordance with the specific scheme, for example one-to-many relationships. It makes use of primary keys to identify records and permit cross-references between tables. Each table is comprised of a set of attributes or fields that contain information about data entities. Relational models, developed by E. F. “TedCodd Codd in the 1970s at IBM as a database, are the most used database type in the present. This model is based upon normalizing the data, making it more easy to use. It is also easier to update data because it does not require changing certain sections of the database.

Most DBMSs can accommodate multiple database types by providing different levels of external and internal organization The internal level addresses costs, scalability, and other operational concerns like the layout of the physical storage. The external level is how the database is displayed in user interfaces and other applications. It could include a mix of different external views that are based on different data models and can include virtual tables that are calculated using generic data in order to improve the performance.